Archive for the ‘beauty’ Category

even though the national strength and then

Monday, March 12th, 2012

America’s As always, exercise set all sorts of One wonders whether America is afraid of?
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The United States is the most powerful country in the world today, it should be the safest countries in the world. The United States holds the world-class military, army armed to the teeth Hundreds of military bases in the world, with dozens of military allies, the pursuit of the so-called This capacity outside the United States, any other powers can not be wishful thinking. Even so powerful that the United States are afraid of other countries, I am afraid to sleepless nights.

Sort out what all these Some insight in the United States have realized the trend of the world is undergoing profound changes, aware of the international security environment is increasingly diverse, aware of the traditional and non-traditional security issues are increasingly intertwined, even though the national strength and then, alone it is difficult to calmly deal with the .

Sometimes thorn. In many cases, not so much afraid of, as it is

The United States are most afraid of losing hegemony. Pursued by the United States is the logic of power The core of U.S. security strategy is to ensure the absolute security of its global hegemony. Gou suffering from loss of everything Zhiyi

The 21st century This world is no longer more missile carrier, more secure, nor is it military allies of the more security, but economic and social more developed and more secure all States to cooperate more closely and more secure. The safety net woven out of old ways of thinking, can only be full of loopholes.

Fit on the stuck in the fictional heavy ★


according to Yonhap news agency

Tuesday, February 28th, 2012

BEIJING , Feb. 27 , according to Yonhap news agency , in order to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the birthday of President Kim Il Sung ( April 15 ) , Korea 240 mm rockets improved main gun 100 , and into a combat deployment .
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The Korean government sources said that the improvement of work in North Korea for its 240 -mm rocket -propelled recent success , and improved by the new gun is named The new gun range than the 240 mm rocket launcher ( 60 km ) more than doubled , part of the new cannon artillery units into a combat deployment .

The 240 mm rockets is divided into 12 launch tube M -1985 and 22 launch tubes of the M- 1991 Analysts believe that the main 100 – gun modified from the M- 1991 -type rockets . It is reported that North Korea imported from Russia, a 300 mm artillery shells , in the the Pyongan West Coast for several years test-launch .

The Korean government intelligence authorities predicted that Korea held in Pyongyang from April 15 to celebrate the birthday of President Kim Il Sung the 100th anniversary of the reading military will open the

Reported that Jun Han Missiles due to the MLRS launch vehicle , and therefore have a flexible battlefield mobility and the occult , and a range of 165 km , and improved the ATACMS has a range up to 300 km .


about 700 million yuan

Friday, February 24th, 2012

World Wide Web reporter Zhong Weidong reports , Japan’s Kyodo News , February 22 , sources said 22 of the Japan-US relations , Japan’s defense ministry has sent a letter to the U.S. Department of Defense mentioned prices if the United States F -35 fighters , the Japanese side may be canceled procurement plan , expressed concerns about price increases . The Japanese side also asked the U.S. to modify the Foreign Military Sales (FMS) procurement method . The current approach for the United States changes in price according to the judgment . In December last year , the Japanese government decided to purchase the latest U.S. stealth fighter F – 35 as the Air Self-Defense for the next major fighter .
Kyodo News said the development was lagging behind the U.S. military delays in the procurement , the F -35 delays in production . The Japanese government ‘s decision to purchase F – 35 price is not yet clear , this approach is bound to invite criticism . the

report also said that the letters of the inscription date on the 13th of this month , U.S. Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense sent by the Province, manager of Japan ‘s defense equipment Secretary De Les Kendall . Germany to the price of the F- 35 that , He also explained that the F -35 if the prices will stimulate discussion in the Japanese Diet , the procurement plan will be

Germany also urged the U.S. to change the current procurement methods . According to FMS, Japanese companies as the U.S. corporate subcontractors to participate in the procurement plan , the Japanese side FMS also provides that the United States has a price and delivery date of the final decision . German to Japanese companies as soon as possible to assemble the F-35 fuselage and the engine and the production of parts .

Japan 2012 Budget plans to purchase four F – 35 , each frame of the valuation of about 8.9 billion yen (about 700 million yuan ) . Japan’s defense ministry said the price The U.S. government announced the 2013 fiscal year defense budget is displayed in the middle of this month , the F- 35 pre-sale price has soared to about $ 153 million ($ 1 billion yuan ) .


Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei

Wednesday, February 22nd, 2012

Zhongguang Wang February 22 news ( Reporter Ma Chuang ) Nanjing government , Beijing has said it has been suspended with Nagoya . 22 afternoon , the Foreign Ministry held a press conference , Foreign Ministry spokesman Hong Lei , referring to With regard to the Mayor of Nagoya, Japan, to deny the Nanjing Massacre , said the Chinese side has made ​​solemn representations on the matter to the Japanese side , the decision to suspend contacts with the Nagoya City for Nanjing the decision expressed understanding and support , and will pay close attention to the situation .
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Hong Lei said he hoped the Japanese side to abide by the Sino-Japanese four documents principles , the spirit of learning from history, future-oriented principles, to promote the healthy and stable development of Sino-Japanese relations .


Bai Yitong growth is obvious. Elected village director of Gao Jie

Wednesday, February 15th, 2012

January 14, 2009, when 19-year-old Ankang College sophomore girls Baiyi Tong was elected Qingjian County, Gao Jie Gao Jie, towns and villages village chief, has aroused widespread concern. Three years have passed, Bai Yitong along the way, appreciative and look forward to questioning has been followed her. Three years later, on December 28, 2011, Gao Jie, village general election, Bai Yitong successful re-election.
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However, these three years, to complete the initial election commitment in order to create a female county official, Bai Yitong behind the family has invested millions of dollars.

In the afternoon of December 28, 2011, Qingjian County, Gao Jie Gao Jie, towns and villages the village is being held at the Village Committee Election.

The former village committee director Bai Yitong standing on a stool, watching election workers tellers registration. This 22-year-old girl was brought up in the city grew up, squeeze in a group of northern Shaanxi man was very conspicuous.

This is the first candidate audition. If someone votes more than half will be directly elected.

Bai Yitong behind the village committee office, a few from the town came to guide the general election Jie village cadres are predicting this election, the basic point of view is: probably no one votes more than half after the vote had Before the election, several, and then conduct an election, the general is to be successful.

Voting results allows the town cadres accident. 338 votes, the election of village head Bai Yitong get 244 votes. Three years, suffering from attention and controversy,

However, the general, Bai Yitong the support rate was only 72%, decreased from 97.6 percent three years ago. Moreover, today’s high-Jie Village have opposed Bai Yitong elected voice.

The views of opponents, including: Bai Yitong entirely the backing of her father in the back, otherwise we could not go dry; these years, the White House in the village spent the money, but the accounts is unclear, do not open the opaque; she did not take over and take Look up the accounts of the former village head’s determination in fighting corruption, at least in fighting corruption is not enough.

Some opponents even went to the town report Bai Yitong like.

Before Renzhen Zhang Hao Shixiong told reporters that the villagers had to find him, said Bai Yitong may have economic problems. Hao Shixiong asked to complain: your village a year of income? The answer is: 30 000 a year, three years 90000. Hao Shixiong said: />

Three years ago, the 19-year-old Bai Yitong Ankang College as college students, overwhelmingly re-elected Gao Jie village chief, although the locals almost unanimously commended the Wison ceremony is still questioned.

Wison Li-view clear: The vitality and well-being Institute there is 5 Baiyi Tong, teaching order into chaos.

At that time, Wison Li have suggested Bai Yitong Baiyan Lin’s father not to launch her daughter to run for the village head, so that after a very long time, the heart of the two sides have some swelling on the skin. Three years later, his attitude has not changed much.

Why Bai Yitong be able to re-election? The Wison ceremony of the analysis are: first, the current mobile population, the village go out to work or start a business, are left to the elderly, children, or a relatively weak capacity of the villagers. Jie Gao Village, a total of 1116 people, with the qualification of voters is 813, this general election, only 338 people attended the vote. One reason is that 259 villagers, who, unable to back to the village.

The second reason, Wison ceremony that is material incentives. It is understood that the White House distributed to the villagers, some calendars Baiyi Tong’s, working in all of India, such as photo and a leadership to accept a television interview. Is precisely the eve of the election, the White House to spend hundreds of thousands of dollars to the village to install the lights came.

View Wison ceremony, many people think: This is the time there is no suspense in the general election, as long as Bai Yitong come forward to stand for election, we will definitely be elected.

The reasons are: First, Gao Jie Village from Bai Yitong is probably not another village director. Of those who hold this view even just transferred from less than six months former Ren Gaojie village mayor Hao Shixiong

Three years ago, the director of the Baiyi Tong was elected Gao Jie, village, an important background: At that time the village there are three people competing for the village director, refused to give the votes can not reach half of the 4 consecutive election does not come out. Subsequently Bai Yitong support the next time the village election in the family, and received 450 votes out of 461 voters.

Another more important reason is that the money the White House, the village director Bai Yitong do is not greedy village money, and her family behind will continue to bring the village some tangible benefits.

Three years ago, that campaign, 19-year-old Bai Yitong entitled She told the villagers, the presence of 10 events decided within a few years to lead folks to do a good job. Including the construction of a comprehensive service building, a new cooperative medical care, restoration of the playhouse, built a mountain road, deep well to resolve the masses to draft the difficult problem; development of jujube processing industry, the construction Qingzao processing plants; the development of aquaculture, increase farmers’ income; do farmers technical training schools, construction of new rural modern education base; and promised payment of 1000 pounds of coal per household in the New Year’s.

Three years later, Bai Yitong breakdown of their commitment:

She acknowledged that the commitment to build multi-service complex is temporarily unable to achieve the household to a new three-tier small Western-style rural development plan As for the construction of jujube processing plants, have someone to invest, because the risk that no one do it, it is estimated that the future is not good to complete.

Baiyi Tong said, Mainly thanks to the funding of the father and his family.

Baiyi Tong family in the end how much money to the village to vote? Do not see the accounts, the villagers are not very clear,

In early 2010, Gao Jie village party branch secretary Baihai Hong said the media: the White House in the village to spend a total of 300 million, of which 210 million was paid in cash, the rest of the debt, are hanging in the White House under the name of .

March 2011, journalists see the Bai Yitong, had asked the White House into the village money should still be around 3 million, said Bai Yitong, because later on, no major projects, investment not there will be a big growth. The end of 2011, under repeated questioning by reporters, Baiyi Tong’s father, Bai Yanlin answer is very sick, but still gives a number: more than 500 million.

He told reporters that their own brother in the village cast of over 170 million, and I before and after the cast of over 300 million, in addition to part of the external inputs, but because the people not to say how much.

White House faulted point people to the village to spend money, is not established accounts. Opponents criticized the practice of opaque private accounts. Bai Yanlin’s explanation is Also suggested that the White House spend money, some money is very innocent. For example, Gao Jie village built playhouse, the village there is a saying: repair playhouse $ 50 million, many villagers believe that 20 million to complete this project.

Bai Yanlin this statement is disdain. Built playhouse actually spent 900,000 yuan, he explained, works a great deal, under the stage is nearly 20 meters deep with a lot of steel and concrete.

The Bai Yanlin about list of what White House in recent years to the village to spend the money: the construction of playhouse 90 million; repair two public toilets, $ 17 million; two squares of 70 million yuan; repair 48 kilometers Huanshan, more than 200 million. Built two dam repair drains, about 50 million. Three years, the village festivals organized the villagers activities, jump Yangko Farmers’ Games and other expenses of about $ 500,000, spent $ 36 million to the village to install street lights. In response to this election, printed calendars, buy a red flag to spend 78,000 yuan. Another returned to the village, the villagers of an operating greenhouse vegetable

A total of up to 5.6 million yuan. The money where it comes from? Referred to this issue have to say that the father Baiyan Lin Bai Yitong. Has been the identity of Bai Yanlin quite controversial.

Baiyi Tong was first elected village director in 2009, Bai Yanlin said that he is a magazine reporter in Xi’an. Some media have a strong interest in Bai Yanlin identity. Was claimed Baiyan Lin is a fake reporter, and even friends called him

According to media surveys, Baiyan Lin has done a newspaper correspondent, a few years later became a business manager of the newspaper’s advertising department. In 2003, he was appointed as Associate Editor and feature director of Xi’an, a media, he has a press card, very formal, but not find reporters in China online. It was also claimed Bai Yanlin activities in Yulin area to take advantage of this reporter identity often pull the ad means let alone how to open and aboveboard, and even extortion.

December 28, 2011, the reporter on this issue again to Bai Yanlin confirmation. A few years ago, he really worked at Xi’an, a magazine, after being questioned by the media, he felt the sign of this magazine is not hard enough, they accepted the position of another magazine as the Ministry of Economic Affairs Officer, Chief Reporter, this Baiyan Lin said: The magazine is headquartered in Hong Kong, Beijing has reporters.

Bai Yanlin not deny the pull of advertising in the years of reporter career, but denied having extortion. He said their mode of operation is not the same and others that are jealous of their local counterparts.

He also said that a thought-provoking words:

Into the source of the Gao Jie village of millions of dollars of funds, Baiyan Lin explained, and their young, when we sold the pasta, dates, have had 13 years of clinic, there are certain primitive accumulation. His brother’s company a little shares, possessor of 27 vans, in addition, a little bit of shares in the coal mine. However, in order to support the daughter of the building in the village, he sold a number of coal shares.

There is one thing to let the villagers do not understand: Gao Jie village communal kiln, reportedly built in 1977, taking up a villagers white ground, in accordance with prevailing policies, Murakami operator work points to the white of a compensation covers an area of But the matter became a historical legacy, White repeatedly asked Murakami compensation. Bai Yitong elected village director, leaving even more formidable. Finally, the White House to the parties 60,000 yuan of money, considered to quell the matter.

Even if the person is reasonable, is also the matter of Murakami, collective, private money of the white house

Bai Yanlin not think this is a bad thing, to allow her daughter to understand the rural ways of the world and the complexity of the situation.

Baiyan Lin explained: to the money completely settled.

Bai Yitong I do not agree with the practice of his father, and think this is a wrong.

White family father and daughter in 2009 to lead the village repair Huanshan need to cut some of the villagers jujube tree, but some people just do not agree with naughty too much, the White House secretly to compensate for these people, $ 50 per tree, 100 per month.

Baiyi Tong was elected in the village encouraged the villagers to build greenhouses kinds of vegetables. Only one of the elderly in the name of white Canadian dollars response breath built 13 greenhouses. Barker greenhouse vegetable development, before and after the White House to lend $ 40 million, the two sides do not even have any written agreement, promissory note.

December 25, 2011, Barker shed fire, 13 greenhouses burned 9.

December 27, 2011, in front of Barker’s face, Baiyan Lin told reporters that the 40 million count unpaid cast Barker. Barker also blunt: I did not intend to also, is not afraid he will turn to debt.

Barker told reporters that he was promising to engage in greenhouse, and somehow every year 20 million profit, but also to solve the village for at least 10 surplus labor force. He would like to adhere to engage Baiyan Lin also promised to continue to help Barker, which means will continue to borrow money to support him.

So, the White House is not spending money to buy her daughter a

Baiyan Lin explained: home try to foster Barker’s greenhouse vegetable, greenhouse cultivation can be pushed in the village, Bai Yitong original plan to engage in 100 greenhouses, now 13, far short of the target.

Some people have asked Bai Yanlin,

Now, he admitted three years ago to let his daughter run for Gao Jie village chief, with exercise daughter’s intention.

In the past three years, Bai Yitong should of course be mature a little. The 19-year-old Ren Gaojie villages, Director Bai Yitong, indeed there had been some childish behavior.

For example, in early 2009, her recommendations to the Minister of Qingjian County Organization to Gao Jie village party secretary Wison ceremony transferred, because the benefits secretary does not support my work. She is also preparing the implementation of the militarization of management in the village. Her move was once as rivers and lakes joke spread.

These are the facts, after three years, she can only be self-deprecating

Put aside these rivers and lakes due to the young and naive joke, as a village director, Bai Yitong at least has a great passion. 2009, in the financial support of the family, Baiyi Tong led the villagers to repair Huanshan, repair toilet, repair Xilou, Office of the Farmers’ Games, to fight greenhouse vegetable cultivation project can be considered impressive.

But few people can imagine, the surface of the scenery behind a 19-year-old girl, intensive face to the praise of hundreds of domestic and foreign media, sought after, questioning and even mocking her how to adapt to all this. While a childhood growing up in the city, and the girl with no experience of rural life and how to deal with the complex situation of rural village in Northern. Are Baiyi Tong face and must overcome the problem.

Many villagers view, Bai Yitong growth is obvious. Elected village director of Gao Jie, Bai Yitong is a baby, and now she is adaptable, with the vigor of young people, with a little traditional village cadres

Baiyi Tong told reporters that she received in 2010 in the village land contract models, very legitimate work, but also how to complete could not, and had to be to the township government for help.

Then mayor Haoshi Xiong, sent a cadre village. Cadres to find the villagers refused to pay the contractor shall, to say: you do not pay the land contract paragraph, that the renovation of dilapidated buildings not reported, reported that the town is not approved. Such a sentence, land contract in respect of collected.

Bai Yitong about feeling an eye-opener and a lesson. 2011, Bai Yitong only three days, put the village’s land contract payments have ended.

Leaving her rural complex is the experience of the assessment low households.

The village gain in full swing early on that some people find on the Bai Yitong want to take care of. To be fair, Bai Yitong decided to convene all the villagers collective vote of the General Assembly to assess. Later, or town government leaders told him not to do so, because of the popularity in the real rural poor will be excluded, the collective vote but to allow these people to enjoy the treatment of less than subsistence allowances. The town leaders suggested that she was named its first destitute families, and then named its disease, residual household, the rest of the places to each door of the first family.

The village mayor had Rengao Jie Hao Shixiong to Bai Yitong an evaluation: she do the job is no longer alone insist forcing the know and people to discuss, to the higher authorities for help.

In March 2011, Yulin local entrepreneurs had an intention to Gao Jie Village to invest 10 million yuan to engage in sightseeing agriculture. Bai Yitong very excited, then all the work in full swing, and even invited professionals from the Yulin Municipal Water Conservancy Bureau of Surveying and Mapping.

The final project is not negotiated, Baiyi Tong’s explanation is that both sides can not agree on the period of the lease land, Bai Yitong do not want to let the villagers’ interests, the final project abortion. However, the dominance of the negotiations has been the hands of the Bai Yitong.

on the road to prosperity is to make a little of their own contribution, during which I wrote papers Qingjian County, Shaanxi Province, Gao Jie village economic and social development status quo thinking and policy measures Award; dates alcoholic beverage processing project proposals won the first prize of Ankang University Collegiate Business Plan Competition, and so I also get the opportunity to participate in the national third one hundred female county official forum, is the smallest female to participate in this forum village officials, the China Women’s Federation, the Chinese women’s magazine as the country’s nine most influential women in 2009; also received advanced individual title of the Shaanxi Province university graduates make contributions; and this year has overwhelmingly elected Qingjian County, Gao Jie village People’s Party and Qingjian County Party.

Baiyi Tong wrote in 2011 after I served as the village head, thinking summary

Female students to the village head of this platform, Bai Yitong has a certain amount of visibility and attention.

In recent years, she has been select in to participate in such as Village Forum, Student Village growth plans like training. According to her, has seen in a training China’s poverty alleviation Association president Hu Fuguo Bai Yitong confronted him and said Gao Jie villagers draft of the difficult circumstances, said Hu Fuguo promised to give some help.


Israel mentioned in the November 12 last year

Monday, February 13th, 2012

British Reuters reported on February 2 , Moshe Ya’alon , Israeli Deputy Prime Minister in Israel ‘s annual Herzliya security conference that Iran has been committed to developing a global network reporter Li reported missile , the missile from Iran three months ago, an explosion of military bases against the United States .
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It is reported that Iran’s military base , Israel mentioned in the November 12 last year , exploded , causing dozens of deaths . The Iranian official said the explosion was an accident . Iran has said that when the explosion occurred , the researchers is developing a way to remember an iron fist

Ya’alon said that Iran’s missile research and development at the base of the range of 10,000 km, objective fact, not Israel , but the U.S.


the person concerned Measures Committee

Thursday, February 9th, 2012

World Wide Web Reporter Chang reported , January 30 , according to Yonhap , South Korea’s ruling Grand National Party on the current party platform to amend , delete the change efforts and other related content .
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Reported that 18 of the Grand National Party party platform before the amendment provides that .

The Grand National Party, the person concerned Measures Committee , said:

The related statements of the party platform conversion efforts

In addition, very Countermeasures Committee , said the party platform has also been added to improve the quality of life of the Korean People’s advance and expand the content of the continuing humanitarian support


it can be said a soldier was qualified

Thursday, February 2nd, 2012

Biography: Ji Keke’s, like German people in Sichuan Liangshan, Yi, born in December 1987, joined the army in December 2005, December 2007 to join the party, the rank of sergeant, now a brigade of Jinan Military Region infantry squad leader. Enlisted six years, has won the contest three out of the military army and other 7 military over the first contest Contest winner, awarded a first 1, 2 awarded a third class, was recognized as the first military large youth model

Xinhua military: the army before, what are you doing?

Ji Keke’s: I have three sisters, a brother, a soldier before the sisters would have been married. Our house in the mountains, the mountains can only species of beans, sorghum, corn and potatoes, there is no source of income at home, in my mind, a child often enough to eat, eat two meals a day, every meal is only potatoes you can eat.

I finished primary school in Yi primary school, the home no money can make me go to school, when the body is also very poor parents, who need to support the family, so I started from the 13-year-old at home, at work.

Xinhua Military: At that time there is no understanding of the forces?

Ji Keke’s: I did not precede the troops in to contact with the outside world, there is no contact with Chinese, the concept of force is not.

Xinhua Military: So, you are through what channels to force?

Ji Keke’s: I have a cousin, he knows my family’s situation, he suggested that we arm the local minister let me go to the army. Later, armed ministers who understand the situation, to see my family situation is indeed very poor, I would agree with the military service. In fact, I think he did not, hears parents arranged.

Xinhua Military: What was it like when the troops arrived?

Ji Keke’s: My first feeling is do not know how to do, my language barrier, childhood health in the Yi village, there is no contact with people and things outside, everything feels very strange. To force the first night, I ate three bowls of fried rice attached, that rice is too delicious, and I have never eaten at home cooking.

Xinhua Military: How did you step by step to adapt to an unfamiliar environment and the forces of life?

Ji Keke’s: When I arrived in force less than 1.60 m tall and weighing only 50 kilograms, various conditions are no advantages, and even the communication and exchange with others is very difficult, so I’ll get ho squad leader, I do not know what is No way, I can only learn from scratch. Company commander, instructors are very concerned about me and my platoon leader and squad leader to help them buy the dictionary, I am on the front of the dictionary to write a word for word, followed by tape recorders, TV saying a word to read, I returned to the people newspaper , Qingzhan faithful to help me test it, slowly, I can communicate with his comrades for a Chinese, I am glad that we sorted out the communication and exchanges are very happy.

Xinhua military: Since when do you think he started slowly into force, we begin to keep up with the pace of it?

Ji Keke: from the beginning even under the recruits, when I can understand Chinese, and was also very good communication with you, and feel that they grow very quickly at that stage. In March 2007, I went to tour the training unit training, than the normal time to get up early every day for half an hour, start and a 5 km, and then normal training, physical fitness has come up this way, 400-meter run 1 minute 24 barrier can second.

Xinhua military: I heard you made a lot of

Ji Keke’s: I do not think a little bitter than I had at home, work, training that is not bitter, I used to at home, work after dinner, I think we should have enough to eat on in the army training, I beginning think so, no other ideas. To produce good results, certainly pay a little more than others.

Xinhua military: I heard that you have received a lot of injuries in training, you can also see how much body scars?

Ji Keke’s: Now can see about a dozen bar, training injuries are very common.

Xinhua military: the most serious injury is when?

Ji Keke: that in October 2007, when I was participating in an assessment, take the ladder at the time accidentally fell from a ladder on the Caikong down, elbows in, my comrades said they heard I was bones I was face is white.

Then I rest for a while, but now there is a bone in the arm, to write for too long will feel sour.

Xinhua Military: Why was so hard?

Ji Keke’s: We are working hard, I’m just one of them.

Xinhua Military: Now go back, how do you describe your experience of pain and suffering?

Ji Keke: the past is past, the difficulties and honor are the same, I have never eaten what I do not want to suffer, those who brought me a lot for me to change, but I would like to continue to struggle, to look ahead.

Xinhua Military: If you had not come to force the army, now you may be doing?

Ji Keke: If I have not a soldier, I should still work at home, never see the outside world.

Xinhua Military: For those soldiers like you, what do you suggest to them?

Ji Keke’s: I think no matter what, we should start small, start from scratch, if you can not do little things, do certainly not a big deal.

Xinhua military: what their future plans?

Ji Keke’s: I know all aspects of a lot worse, it can be said a soldier was qualified, but were later to be a soldier, a lot worse, I will make every effort to learn. Force trained me, as long as the troops need, I will stay in the army do it.


in Beijing

Thursday, January 19th, 2012

Recently, known as the Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau has also said it plans before the Spring Festival, first started publishing, including real-time three conventional pollutants, including PM10 hourly concentrations, and also published research for PM2.5 monitoring data for public reference. PM2.5 air quality this was the concept of chaos, and finally common sense is expected to become part of people’s lives. How, then, clearance of PM 2.5 air quality significance, which monitors foreign experience, how to local conditions in China to carry out this new business, the experts do for us a clear answer.

Europe and developing countries to tighten monitoring of maturing standards

Total suspended particulate matter (PM100), respirable particulate matter (PM10) and particulate matter into the lungs (PM2 .5) is the ambient air quality monitoring in the three concepts often used, they represent three different sizes of air pollutants on human health and the environment have a major impact on air quality. Countries around the world to monitor airborne particles from the wide experience of the standard to strict monitoring of objects descending process of development, European and American countries and some developing countries have been gradually incorporated into the P M2 .5 local air quality standards for mandatory restrictions.

PM 2.5: impact of the EU average life expectancy

Aerodynamics and meteorology in the environment, the particles are classified according to diameter size, particle size less than 100 microns, known as T SP (T otal Suspended Particle), the total suspended particulate; particle size less than 10 microns referred to as PM10 (PM to ParticulateMatter abbreviation), particles can be inhaled; particle size less than 2.5 microns is called PM2.5, particulate matter into the lungs can be, its diameter is only about the thickness of a human hair 1 / 20.

Weather experts and medical experts believe that more than 10 micron size particles, will be blocked out in the human nose; diameter of 2.5 microns to 10 microns between the particles can enter the upper respiratory tract, but some can be sputum so excreted, it may be blocking the hair inside the nose, harmful to human health is relatively small; and diameter of 2.5 microns or less fine particulate matter (PM2.5), can not easily be blocked; compared with PM10, PM2. 5 are more dangerous because when inhaled, PM2.5 may reach the bronchioles, the lungs and interfere with gas exchange, triggering including asthma, bronchitis and cardiovascular disease and other aspects of the disease.

PM2.5 air quality and visibility for greater impact. And coarse particulate matter compared to the atmosphere, PM2.5 particle size is small, contains large amounts of toxic and hazardous substances, and long life, transmission distance, and thus on human health and air quality impact of greater visibility of the impact on air more intuitive than the PM 10.

In general, particle size 2.5 micron to 10 micron coarse particles from road dust and other primary sources; particle size of 2.5 microns or less fine particulate matter PM2.5, mainly daily power generation, industrial production, car emissions and other processes through emissions of combustion residues, such as vehicle exhaust, coal, etc., usually contain heavy metals and other toxic substances.

World Health Organization released a report, both developed and developing countries, the majority of urban and rural populations are now exposed to the health effects of particulate matter. Mortality in cities with high pollution beyond the relatively cleaner cities by 15-20%. According to statistics, in Europe, PM2.5 cause 386,000 deaths each year, and to the EU countries average life expectancy is 8.6 months lower.

States: surveillance by the width to the strict standards

2005 World Health Organization issued the Values ​​for the most demanding standards, is derived based on scientific ideal of the Institute, less risk to human health limits for particulate matter.

WHO guideline value set high standards, even some developed countries, it is difficult to achieve immediately, therefore, the establishment of the WHO guideline value in the same time, established for PM2.5 and PM10 three gradient transition target period, the requirements of the transition period than the target value is relatively loose criteria. WHO believes that, by adopting a continuous, long-lasting pollution control measures, which target the transition period can be gradually achieved; transition period to help countries assess target efforts to reduce particulate matter concentration in the process of progress.

The world, some countries and regions have gradually PM10 and PM2 .5 into the local air quality standards for mandatory restrictions. Overall, the countries of the monitoring and control of particulate matter showed the following characteristics:

A monitoring system developed gradually improved from the loose to strict monitoring standards.

Beginning on the 1970s and 1980s, European countries began issuing limited quantitative indicators of the concentration of airborne particles. Initially, the air quality guidelines for Europe and the limit of particulate matter in general terms, there is no breakdown of the size of particles. In 1987, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency developed the first time the limit for P M1 0 standard. 1997, the United States in the In 2006, the United States revised air quality standards, the concentration of P M2 .5 proposed a more stringent standard limit.

In accordance with current U.S. standards, PM10 daily average concentration limit of 150 micrograms / cubic meter, equivalent to WHO to determine the first transition PM10 target value; P M2 .5 daily average concentration limit of 35 micrograms / cubic meter, the annual are the concentration limit of 15 micrograms / cubic meter, roughly equivalent to WHO PM2 .5 transition period established by the third target.

Since the 1980s, the EU started to focus on monitoring of air particulate matter. In 2005, the European Union on the restriction of P M10 of the law came into force; 2010, the monitoring of PM 2 .5 standard to take effect. Currently, the EU’s air quality standards contained an average concentration of P M10 with the daily average concentration, P M2 .5 annual average concentrations of the requirements for P M10 is the world’s most stringent standards for monitoring one of the regions. EU PM 10 daily average concentration limit (50 micrograms / cubic meter) has reached the WHO guideline value set by the standard.

Second, strict enforcement of European and American countries, harsh penalties for excessive behavior.

Atmospheric Physics, Nanjing University of Information Engineering, vice president, Zhu Bin expert on air quality that air quality monitoring, enforcement is difficult legislative easy; Europe and other countries currently have formulated a comprehensive air quality laws, and strictly enforced, do not standards were very harsh punishment.

It is understood that the EU air quality laws in the early years of the implementation of the EU member states decide to allow the air quality standards implementation. However, the fragmentation leading to failure to abide by all its members. In 2005, 27 EU member states and 23 countries in the emergence of PM10 concentration in excess of the situation.

In 2008, the European Commission adopted a new Air Quality Act (2 0 0 8 / 5 0 / EC), started to strictly monitor the implementation of air quality standards, excessive acts of severe punishment, and some exceeded the city could face up to € 700,000 per day of fine.

Third, some developing countries have begun to monitor PM 2.5.

In recent years, some developing countries also tightened P M2 .5 and P M10 monitoring standards, such as India and Mexico. India, for example, Indian Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 1994 to implement the air quality standards for total suspended particles and contains only P M1 0 monitoring requirements, the revised standard in 2009 removed to the total suspended particulate matter control targets, additional P M2 .5 limit indicators, requiring industrial areas, residential areas, rural and other areas of the PM 2 .5 annual and daily average concentration shall not exceed 40 micrograms / cubic meter; P M10 average and maximum daily concentration were 60 micrograms / cubic meter and 100 micrograms / cubic meter, roughly three in the WHO interim target set range.

China: technology has been proven to be steadily implemented

Currently, air quality standards used in China in 1982 promulgated the of

November 2011, the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection published so, this is the first time in the development of P M2 .5 China’s national environmental quality standards. In the draft, P M2 .5 annual and daily average concentration limits were set at 35 micrograms / cubic meter and 75 micrograms / cubic meter, equivalent to the WHO set a transitional period of the first target. New standard intended to January 1, 2016 fully implemented.

The recently held 2012 National Work Conference on Environmental Protection, Environmental Protection Minister Zhou Shengxian said in 2012, in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region and other key cities and municipalities and provincial capitals PM2.5 and ozone monitoring. PM2 .5 monitoring with the implementation schedule.

Reporters interviewed the experts learned that, due to air pollution in different regions of China, economic development and environmental management requirements are quite different, new indicators to monitor the hardware and software to carry out a series of preparatory work, so the new standards need to be phased. Experts suggest that PM2.5 monitoring in China should pay attention to the following questions:

First, the emphasis throughout the monitoring technology, equipment, personnel, funding of regional differences, gradual, steady implementation.

Some experts believe that although China currently has a mature P M2 .5 monitoring technology, and has in some cities, including P M2 .5 pilot, including urban air quality monitoring, but unity in the country to carry out P M2 .5 monitoring involves installation of equipment acquisition, data quality control, professional training, financial resources to support the preparation of such a large number of systems and capacity-building, there is currently a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring work carried out immediately there are some difficulties, the need to gradually push to open.

Second, the complete set of management measures to speed up industrial upgrading, and effectively control the PM2.5 concentration.

Vice president of Nanjing University of Information Engineering Physics Zhu Bin believes that the reason why China has not yet been incorporated into the P M2 .5 mandatory monitoring indicators, an important reason is that China has not yet completed in the case of upgrading the industrial structure, some cities in China the current concentration of PM2.5 in Western countries may be several times or even ten times, even if the standard for PM2.5 monitoring, control PM2 .5 to substantial concentrations are still faced with great difficulty.

Zhu Bin suggested that the air purification costs.

Third, reform of the local officials of the appropriate environmental performance evaluation criteria, to reduce PM 2.5 monitoring the implementation of the local resistance.

P M2 .5 has been involved in monitoring our standards development work of the Institute of Tropical and Marine Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Guangzhou Wu against the principal investigator, told reporters that China PM2.5 monitoring the implementation of technical barriers to small, the main obstacle is the performance of local officials evaluation system. Wu against that, big pressure.

Wu against that fundamentally change the number of days local officials CD quality performance evaluation system for environmental protection is the key to solving this problem.


the United States only to participate and win a major war

Tuesday, January 17th, 2012

The Voice of China There is no doubt, aircraft flying military power is a huge support. U.S. military spending has been staggering, but this situation will change in the year.

U.S. Defense Secretary Panetta and the Joint Staff of a Department of Defense announced today Xidengpuxi overall war strategy. Discussion on this strategy is said to have lasted for eight months, in addition to military sources, U.S. President Obama is

United States has revealed some information about who to test public opinion, an important aspect was to reduce military spending, the military also recommended the Government to change the war strategy, to give up caused enormous controversy. So, the upcoming The strategy document also contains important information about what? Whether the United States because of funding problems for their own

The strategic plan is the earliest proponents of the former U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates, he put forward last year, to complete the reduction of military spending in 2023 total $ 400 billion goal, the United States must work in unity out of the program. The target to cut military spending and the current Secretary of Defense Panetta President Barack Obama from the start this topic in September last year to meet up to 8 times, the focus of the upcoming strategic plan is – how to cut expenses, but also to ensure that the United States strategic interests. U.S. government official had said the Defense Department recommended reducing the U.S. military deployment in Europe, leaving only two combat formations, each group will include approximately 3,000 to 4,000 troops. An anonymous U.S. officials also commented that, as it has been brewing for years, this has a very high real possibility. Military Academy Foreign Military Research Department Director Fan Gao introduced in Europe, the United States are now deployed a total of 80,000 people, if you cut the deployment in Europe, the Far East is a new focus on the deployment of the United States.

Fan Gao: in March 2011 before it, in Europe, said the armed forces if it were math, there are 85,700 people, about 9400 people in the UK, 1,300 people in Belgium, 54,500 people in Germany, in Italy 9600 people, mainly because of the strategic focus shifted, so use it to put more troops in the Asia Pacific region, it reduced a lot in Europe, Asia-Pacific region not only reduced but not increased, for example, additional Air Force Base in Guam naval base and, New Marine Corps barracks, and so on, so to Guam as an important military base to be further expanded.

In addition to laying the groundwork for the eastward shift of strategy, recent U.S. military commitment in 2017 to cut $ 261 billion. How to achieve goals? U.S. officials said the U.S. military in strategic discussions and even suggested that the Government give up and win two wars simultaneously in national policy. Instead, the United States only to participate and win a major war, while maintaining the This was followed 25 years of U.S. military strategy is really in the traditional National Defense University, Professor Zhang that the U.S. war in Libya has tasted some sweetness.

Zhang Zhaozhong: the war from Libya to see if this process, the United States, mainly from the line to the second line, this way the United States feel very comfortable, in a second if it does not bear any risk, the victory after victory in the U.S. so you can pick peaches , after the failure can put the blame on France or other countries, so the next war in Iran, Syria on the war in question, if the outbreak, then I guess the United States will take similar action. The United States around the world that it no longer wants to play a role as firefighters, but it would like placed in various places so that they can charge their Pianjing first, then the United States to provide assistance to them in the back, so that America can reduce risk.

In addition, Zhang Zhaozhong that the Defense Department’s big move is to create a favorable atmosphere for the election of Barack Obama.

Zhang Zhaozhong: So this year’s election, he was mainly done for everyone to see, the Obama administration to do for everyone to see, mainly, one is to reduce unemployment, the unemployment rate is now 9%, and reduced to 7% see He can not be done. Another from the past as a major counter-terrorism strategy, and then adjusted to improve people’s livelihood, a strategy based in this area, as little as possible to intervene overseas affairs, defense budget cuts in this area such a strategy is to curry favor with voters respond to a major strategy . In general, we see a gradual contraction of the United States is to take a strategic, rather than an attack on all fronts, external aggression and expansion of such a strategy.

Of course, some of the media has been United States Department of Defense plans show dissatisfaction. Fox News will be the United States and the United States and Iran, together with the current tensions involved, said the U.S. proposal to Iran,

U.S. strategic adjustment of no deadlines, no commitment may be modified in the final seconds, the Pentagon’s strategic plan will eventually be how to implement, time to test everything.