Archive for January, 2012

two Meritorious Honor Liberation Medal and independent chapter .

Tuesday, January 31st, 2012

Nanjing January 17 Xinhua Xinhua : the original Shijiazhuang High School Chun- San’s Army ( deputy military post ) , illness is invalid , on January 9 in Nanjing , died at the age of 95.

Chun- San’s seriously ill and died , the central leading comrades in different ways expressed sympathy and condolences .

Chun- Shan Shandong Laiyang people to participate in the Eighth Route Army in 1937 , joined the Chinese Communist Party in 1938 . Anti-Japanese War , he served with the club officers, advocates , business secretary , and even political director , officer , battalion political commissar of the brigade team directly under the Party branch secretary , regiment political division, deputy head and other staff, participated in regional anti- Soviet During the liberation war , he served as head of the division chief of staff and other staff, took part in the Soviet Union in the After the founding of New China , he served as Director , deputy division commander , division commander , Army deputy chief of staff , deputy commander , instructor , commander , deputy chief of staff of Military Command , Fuzhou , Kunming Military Region deputy commander of the Infantry School of Shijiazhuang and other senior staff participate in the Korean War , the revolutionary forces , modernization and regularization to make a contribution.

Chun- Shan is the fifth , the Sixth National People’s Congress . He was promoted to major general in 1964 , independence and freedom has won two medals , two Meritorious Honor Liberation Medal and independent chapter .


in Beijing

Thursday, January 19th, 2012

Recently, known as the Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau has also said it plans before the Spring Festival, first started publishing, including real-time three conventional pollutants, including PM10 hourly concentrations, and also published research for PM2.5 monitoring data for public reference. PM2.5 air quality this was the concept of chaos, and finally common sense is expected to become part of people’s lives. How, then, clearance of PM 2.5 air quality significance, which monitors foreign experience, how to local conditions in China to carry out this new business, the experts do for us a clear answer.

Europe and developing countries to tighten monitoring of maturing standards

Total suspended particulate matter (PM100), respirable particulate matter (PM10) and particulate matter into the lungs (PM2 .5) is the ambient air quality monitoring in the three concepts often used, they represent three different sizes of air pollutants on human health and the environment have a major impact on air quality. Countries around the world to monitor airborne particles from the wide experience of the standard to strict monitoring of objects descending process of development, European and American countries and some developing countries have been gradually incorporated into the P M2 .5 local air quality standards for mandatory restrictions.

PM 2.5: impact of the EU average life expectancy

Aerodynamics and meteorology in the environment, the particles are classified according to diameter size, particle size less than 100 microns, known as T SP (T otal Suspended Particle), the total suspended particulate; particle size less than 10 microns referred to as PM10 (PM to ParticulateMatter abbreviation), particles can be inhaled; particle size less than 2.5 microns is called PM2.5, particulate matter into the lungs can be, its diameter is only about the thickness of a human hair 1 / 20.

Weather experts and medical experts believe that more than 10 micron size particles, will be blocked out in the human nose; diameter of 2.5 microns to 10 microns between the particles can enter the upper respiratory tract, but some can be sputum so excreted, it may be blocking the hair inside the nose, harmful to human health is relatively small; and diameter of 2.5 microns or less fine particulate matter (PM2.5), can not easily be blocked; compared with PM10, PM2. 5 are more dangerous because when inhaled, PM2.5 may reach the bronchioles, the lungs and interfere with gas exchange, triggering including asthma, bronchitis and cardiovascular disease and other aspects of the disease.

PM2.5 air quality and visibility for greater impact. And coarse particulate matter compared to the atmosphere, PM2.5 particle size is small, contains large amounts of toxic and hazardous substances, and long life, transmission distance, and thus on human health and air quality impact of greater visibility of the impact on air more intuitive than the PM 10.

In general, particle size 2.5 micron to 10 micron coarse particles from road dust and other primary sources; particle size of 2.5 microns or less fine particulate matter PM2.5, mainly daily power generation, industrial production, car emissions and other processes through emissions of combustion residues, such as vehicle exhaust, coal, etc., usually contain heavy metals and other toxic substances.

World Health Organization released a report, both developed and developing countries, the majority of urban and rural populations are now exposed to the health effects of particulate matter. Mortality in cities with high pollution beyond the relatively cleaner cities by 15-20%. According to statistics, in Europe, PM2.5 cause 386,000 deaths each year, and to the EU countries average life expectancy is 8.6 months lower.

States: surveillance by the width to the strict standards

2005 World Health Organization issued the Values ​​for the most demanding standards, is derived based on scientific ideal of the Institute, less risk to human health limits for particulate matter.

WHO guideline value set high standards, even some developed countries, it is difficult to achieve immediately, therefore, the establishment of the WHO guideline value in the same time, established for PM2.5 and PM10 three gradient transition target period, the requirements of the transition period than the target value is relatively loose criteria. WHO believes that, by adopting a continuous, long-lasting pollution control measures, which target the transition period can be gradually achieved; transition period to help countries assess target efforts to reduce particulate matter concentration in the process of progress.

The world, some countries and regions have gradually PM10 and PM2 .5 into the local air quality standards for mandatory restrictions. Overall, the countries of the monitoring and control of particulate matter showed the following characteristics:

A monitoring system developed gradually improved from the loose to strict monitoring standards.

Beginning on the 1970s and 1980s, European countries began issuing limited quantitative indicators of the concentration of airborne particles. Initially, the air quality guidelines for Europe and the limit of particulate matter in general terms, there is no breakdown of the size of particles. In 1987, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency developed the first time the limit for P M1 0 standard. 1997, the United States in the In 2006, the United States revised air quality standards, the concentration of P M2 .5 proposed a more stringent standard limit.

In accordance with current U.S. standards, PM10 daily average concentration limit of 150 micrograms / cubic meter, equivalent to WHO to determine the first transition PM10 target value; P M2 .5 daily average concentration limit of 35 micrograms / cubic meter, the annual are the concentration limit of 15 micrograms / cubic meter, roughly equivalent to WHO PM2 .5 transition period established by the third target.

Since the 1980s, the EU started to focus on monitoring of air particulate matter. In 2005, the European Union on the restriction of P M10 of the law came into force; 2010, the monitoring of PM 2 .5 standard to take effect. Currently, the EU’s air quality standards contained an average concentration of P M10 with the daily average concentration, P M2 .5 annual average concentrations of the requirements for P M10 is the world’s most stringent standards for monitoring one of the regions. EU PM 10 daily average concentration limit (50 micrograms / cubic meter) has reached the WHO guideline value set by the standard.

Second, strict enforcement of European and American countries, harsh penalties for excessive behavior.

Atmospheric Physics, Nanjing University of Information Engineering, vice president, Zhu Bin expert on air quality that air quality monitoring, enforcement is difficult legislative easy; Europe and other countries currently have formulated a comprehensive air quality laws, and strictly enforced, do not standards were very harsh punishment.

It is understood that the EU air quality laws in the early years of the implementation of the EU member states decide to allow the air quality standards implementation. However, the fragmentation leading to failure to abide by all its members. In 2005, 27 EU member states and 23 countries in the emergence of PM10 concentration in excess of the situation.

In 2008, the European Commission adopted a new Air Quality Act (2 0 0 8 / 5 0 / EC), started to strictly monitor the implementation of air quality standards, excessive acts of severe punishment, and some exceeded the city could face up to € 700,000 per day of fine.

Third, some developing countries have begun to monitor PM 2.5.

In recent years, some developing countries also tightened P M2 .5 and P M10 monitoring standards, such as India and Mexico. India, for example, Indian Ministry of Environment and Forestry in 1994 to implement the air quality standards for total suspended particles and contains only P M1 0 monitoring requirements, the revised standard in 2009 removed to the total suspended particulate matter control targets, additional P M2 .5 limit indicators, requiring industrial areas, residential areas, rural and other areas of the PM 2 .5 annual and daily average concentration shall not exceed 40 micrograms / cubic meter; P M10 average and maximum daily concentration were 60 micrograms / cubic meter and 100 micrograms / cubic meter, roughly three in the WHO interim target set range.

China: technology has been proven to be steadily implemented

Currently, air quality standards used in China in 1982 promulgated the of

November 2011, the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection published so, this is the first time in the development of P M2 .5 China’s national environmental quality standards. In the draft, P M2 .5 annual and daily average concentration limits were set at 35 micrograms / cubic meter and 75 micrograms / cubic meter, equivalent to the WHO set a transitional period of the first target. New standard intended to January 1, 2016 fully implemented.

The recently held 2012 National Work Conference on Environmental Protection, Environmental Protection Minister Zhou Shengxian said in 2012, in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River Delta region and other key cities and municipalities and provincial capitals PM2.5 and ozone monitoring. PM2 .5 monitoring with the implementation schedule.

Reporters interviewed the experts learned that, due to air pollution in different regions of China, economic development and environmental management requirements are quite different, new indicators to monitor the hardware and software to carry out a series of preparatory work, so the new standards need to be phased. Experts suggest that PM2.5 monitoring in China should pay attention to the following questions:

First, the emphasis throughout the monitoring technology, equipment, personnel, funding of regional differences, gradual, steady implementation.

Some experts believe that although China currently has a mature P M2 .5 monitoring technology, and has in some cities, including P M2 .5 pilot, including urban air quality monitoring, but unity in the country to carry out P M2 .5 monitoring involves installation of equipment acquisition, data quality control, professional training, financial resources to support the preparation of such a large number of systems and capacity-building, there is currently a nationwide PM2.5 monitoring work carried out immediately there are some difficulties, the need to gradually push to open.

Second, the complete set of management measures to speed up industrial upgrading, and effectively control the PM2.5 concentration.

Vice president of Nanjing University of Information Engineering Physics Zhu Bin believes that the reason why China has not yet been incorporated into the P M2 .5 mandatory monitoring indicators, an important reason is that China has not yet completed in the case of upgrading the industrial structure, some cities in China the current concentration of PM2.5 in Western countries may be several times or even ten times, even if the standard for PM2.5 monitoring, control PM2 .5 to substantial concentrations are still faced with great difficulty.

Zhu Bin suggested that the air purification costs.

Third, reform of the local officials of the appropriate environmental performance evaluation criteria, to reduce PM 2.5 monitoring the implementation of the local resistance.

P M2 .5 has been involved in monitoring our standards development work of the Institute of Tropical and Marine Meteorology, China Meteorological Administration, Guangzhou Wu against the principal investigator, told reporters that China PM2.5 monitoring the implementation of technical barriers to small, the main obstacle is the performance of local officials evaluation system. Wu against that, big pressure.

Wu against that fundamentally change the number of days local officials CD quality performance evaluation system for environmental protection is the key to solving this problem.


Some analysts pointed out

Wednesday, January 18th, 2012

League of Arab States (LAS) Mission operations in Syria is not over, disclosure requirements of the proposed military intervention in Syria has been released.

Arab League Secretary General Arabi, 15, said the Arab League ministerial meeting this week to discuss Qatar may be submitted prior to the Arab League to send troops to the Syrian proposal. This is also the Arab League for the first time hinted that it might intervene militarily against Syria.

Qatar initiated the

Emir of Qatar (that is, the country’s national leader) and Defense Minister and Armed Forces Hamad Bin Khalifa al-Thani 15 in the CBS broadcast of the program stunned: Syria sent troops to support the Arab League, to prevent genocide!

Asked Hamad became the first Syrian Arab leaders to send troops. But he did not say how the military intervention in Syria, the Arab will be effective.

15, said a representative of the Arab League, Arab League has not yet received any official proposal to send troops stationed in Syria, saying both Arab and non Arab countries are neither agreement on military intervention in Syria. However, Al Jazeera, Qatar 16 Arab League Secretary General Arabi quoted as saying that the Arab League’s foreign ministers will formally discuss

Arabi 16 in Bahrain, said: discussion

According to the agreement with Syria, the Arab League, Arab League mission will continue until the 19th of this month, will observe the round up than the first official report submitted by the Arab League. Arab League will be held 19 or 20 members of the Ministerial Committee and the Foreign Ministers’ Meeting to discuss the report and assess whether Syria has complied with the commitment of the Arab League initiative and the Arab League to reach the latest position on Syria. Analysts pointed out that the full report is essential, directly related to the future direction of the situation in Syria.

Statement by Al-Jazeera, Hamad’s the occasion.

Last December, the Syrian government agreed to the Arab League Since then, the Arab League’s more than 200 national observers from entering Syria, and soon made a very positive on the Syrian government’s observations. This allows the Syrian opposition and considerable dissatisfaction in some countries, the United States and even accused the Arab League mission

But then a few days, there were several classification of domestic terrorist attacks, the situation rapidly deteriorated: two observers’ left out of anger killed, several injured in a foreign reporter … … the United States and Syria, this characterization of the opposition, said: >

In this context, has a huge influence on the Arab League in Qatar Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad Bin Jassim said the Arab League Mission in Syria . Subsequently, the U.S. media suggested that broadcast the Arab League heads of state of Qatar

Some analysts have pointed out that the classification of the Arab League since its presence in the domestic security situation deteriorating, there are some forces are trying to show through violence (or even terror) means Syria political situation will further muddy the water. Therefore, the Arab League mission, how to maintain objectivity in the Syrian position on the issue submitted to the guidance of a real report, remains a challenge.

United States and Europe pressing harder and harder
League dilemma

Although no one can measure this week’s Arab League ministerial level how the qualitative Syria, but for the Arab League, whether or not to send troops in Syria, will face a serious consequence.

Tunisian President Marzuki 16 point out how serious the consequences would be: Lebanon’s Hezbollah militia will be affected, the entire region could be as explosive as this is our concern and related parties.

Some analysts pointed out, if you do not send troops to the Arab League in the new Middle East will be worried about the influence of the pattern completely lost, because the Libyan war has to end by the NATO intervention in the new League lost its leading position in the Arab world.

Arab League Mission 19 this month submitted its first report on Syria observation. The United States and other Western countries, undoubtedly the most willing to see a one-sided condemnation of the regime of Bashar report.

United States and Europe had told Arab League criticized the activities of the Mission, and even threatened to This makes the Arab League are struggling because of the Arab League would like to resolve its internal framework of the Syrian crisis, to avoid external intervention in Arab affairs again. But the United States and Europe clearly do not intend to give this opportunity to the Arab League and rights.

Therefore, the Arab League now have to consider the However, once the troops really, they must fall Arabia fratricidal infamy.

Internal and external pressure surge Syria at stake

Throw in Qatar

In China, this month, before the classification of government has been Today, the Department of Defense Inspector General Hamad Mohammed had defected earlier this month, the night of 15 members Imad announced in the Arab television station from the Government. Analysts pointed out that senior government officials of President Bashar centrifuge is a major blow to the beginning.

The international community, UN Secretary General Ban Ki-15 in Beirut, Lebanon to further pressure to the Bashar regime, said: : stop the violence, stop killing your people!

Dongbing information stroboscopic multiple gearing up

Although NATO spokesman denied that NATO Romero 13 countries are secretly planning joint military action against Syria, but the Russian National Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev previously disclosed, according to Russia to obtain intelligence, and part of NATO Arab countries have started to prepare for military intervention in Syria, the United States, Syria and the British special forces have been sneaked into contact with the opposition, to assess what weapons and equipment they need to get support, and began to consider the classification of the northern region to open NATO aircraft and other forces of the situation.

Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Gantz 10, told parliament that Israel is the downfall of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and the Syrian Alawi refugees Bay Ruge Lan Heights preparation. Gantz said:

Gantz also said that Israel should be taking action against Damascus for Israel, do hedge the fight.

16 is once again the Iranian government issued a warning: If Assad regime was


the United States only to participate and win a major war

Tuesday, January 17th, 2012

The Voice of China There is no doubt, aircraft flying military power is a huge support. U.S. military spending has been staggering, but this situation will change in the year.

U.S. Defense Secretary Panetta and the Joint Staff of a Department of Defense announced today Xidengpuxi overall war strategy. Discussion on this strategy is said to have lasted for eight months, in addition to military sources, U.S. President Obama is

United States has revealed some information about who to test public opinion, an important aspect was to reduce military spending, the military also recommended the Government to change the war strategy, to give up caused enormous controversy. So, the upcoming The strategy document also contains important information about what? Whether the United States because of funding problems for their own

The strategic plan is the earliest proponents of the former U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates, he put forward last year, to complete the reduction of military spending in 2023 total $ 400 billion goal, the United States must work in unity out of the program. The target to cut military spending and the current Secretary of Defense Panetta President Barack Obama from the start this topic in September last year to meet up to 8 times, the focus of the upcoming strategic plan is – how to cut expenses, but also to ensure that the United States strategic interests. U.S. government official had said the Defense Department recommended reducing the U.S. military deployment in Europe, leaving only two combat formations, each group will include approximately 3,000 to 4,000 troops. An anonymous U.S. officials also commented that, as it has been brewing for years, this has a very high real possibility. Military Academy Foreign Military Research Department Director Fan Gao introduced in Europe, the United States are now deployed a total of 80,000 people, if you cut the deployment in Europe, the Far East is a new focus on the deployment of the United States.

Fan Gao: in March 2011 before it, in Europe, said the armed forces if it were math, there are 85,700 people, about 9400 people in the UK, 1,300 people in Belgium, 54,500 people in Germany, in Italy 9600 people, mainly because of the strategic focus shifted, so use it to put more troops in the Asia Pacific region, it reduced a lot in Europe, Asia-Pacific region not only reduced but not increased, for example, additional Air Force Base in Guam naval base and, New Marine Corps barracks, and so on, so to Guam as an important military base to be further expanded.

In addition to laying the groundwork for the eastward shift of strategy, recent U.S. military commitment in 2017 to cut $ 261 billion. How to achieve goals? U.S. officials said the U.S. military in strategic discussions and even suggested that the Government give up and win two wars simultaneously in national policy. Instead, the United States only to participate and win a major war, while maintaining the This was followed 25 years of U.S. military strategy is really in the traditional National Defense University, Professor Zhang that the U.S. war in Libya has tasted some sweetness.

Zhang Zhaozhong: the war from Libya to see if this process, the United States, mainly from the line to the second line, this way the United States feel very comfortable, in a second if it does not bear any risk, the victory after victory in the U.S. so you can pick peaches , after the failure can put the blame on France or other countries, so the next war in Iran, Syria on the war in question, if the outbreak, then I guess the United States will take similar action. The United States around the world that it no longer wants to play a role as firefighters, but it would like placed in various places so that they can charge their Pianjing first, then the United States to provide assistance to them in the back, so that America can reduce risk.

In addition, Zhang Zhaozhong that the Defense Department’s big move is to create a favorable atmosphere for the election of Barack Obama.

Zhang Zhaozhong: So this year’s election, he was mainly done for everyone to see, the Obama administration to do for everyone to see, mainly, one is to reduce unemployment, the unemployment rate is now 9%, and reduced to 7% see He can not be done. Another from the past as a major counter-terrorism strategy, and then adjusted to improve people’s livelihood, a strategy based in this area, as little as possible to intervene overseas affairs, defense budget cuts in this area such a strategy is to curry favor with voters respond to a major strategy . In general, we see a gradual contraction of the United States is to take a strategic, rather than an attack on all fronts, external aggression and expansion of such a strategy.

Of course, some of the media has been United States Department of Defense plans show dissatisfaction. Fox News will be the United States and the United States and Iran, together with the current tensions involved, said the U.S. proposal to Iran,

U.S. strategic adjustment of no deadlines, no commitment may be modified in the final seconds, the Pentagon’s strategic plan will eventually be how to implement, time to test everything.


he was led to the closing

Monday, January 16th, 2012

Republicans held the first primaries in Iowa, six election candidates, former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney supports the lead run

Evening local time, the United States with a population of only 300 million and an area less than 15 million square kilometers of small states – Iowa, will attract the nation, and the world’s attention. The same day, the U.S. Republican Party will be held here first presidential election primaries, which opened off the 2012 U.S. presidential election. Complexity of the U.S. presidential election process, will continue for nearly a year. After pre-selection process in the complex, the most important national elections will be held in November this year.

field representative to the meeting

3 night, six from the Republican Party’s presidential candidate will receive about 120,000 Iowa Republican supporters of the out of the state’s 28 representatives to participate is expected to be held in August at the Republican National Convention. The National Assembly will elect representatives to the Republican presidential candidate, and Democratic presidential candidates for the presidency race.

Although I am not directly elected, but the six Republican candidates, as long as win the most delegates supported, it is considered to win the state primaries. The bottom to win support from voters, is the most critical of all this.

Currently, support for the three leading candidates are former Massachusetts Governor Mitt Romney, Paul, Texas Congressman and former Pennsylvania Senator Santo Salem. There is also the former House Speaker Newt Gingrich, Texas Gov. Rick Perry, as well as Minnesota Rep. Bachmann election.

Former U.S. Ambassador Jon Huntsman has declared for the Republican presidential candidate’s campaign, but support for bottom, Huntsman has basically abandoned the Iowa campaign, fully prepare for the New Hampshire primaries.

Republican Party Democratic Party still hot

On the Republican side of intense pre-start, the Democrats remained silent. President Obama has sufficient time to prepare for the final battle, and the current Republican primaries, just as he provided a good opportunity to understand the opponent. The White House said on Tuesday, Obama will go to Ohio 4 local time, at a local high school speech on economic issues. Analysts believe that the 2012 development trend of the U.S. economy, whether Obama will be the key to re-election.

Like with the Republicans, Democrats also elected party in the state on behalf of the National Assembly, then elected by these representatives of the Democratic presidential candidate.

Election procedures

Democratic and Republican primaries in states across the country and the capital (or direct the election meeting to vote)

National Congress elected representatives of the two parties

National Congress held between the two parties to determine the presidential candidate

Both presidential candidates and launching a nationwide campaign

Voters across the country vote for president,

By the President

■ observation


From a historical point of view, thanks to the final to win the majority of the Republican presidential candidate in Iowa and New Hampshire come out on top, so the results of the two extra Hampshire raised concerns.

View from the current poll, Romney, Paul and Santos Haslem ranked top three in Iowa, no accident, then, the winner from the three men produced. Romney because it has experience in 2008 election, Governor experience, plenty of campaign funds and a strong campaign team, etc., are considered likely to become the Republican Party, However, several changes in its policies, accused of

76-year-old Paul is the Republican Party Santo Haslem in some extreme positions on social issues also, such as strongly opposed to homosexuality and abortion.

In terms of the overall situation on the Republican primaries, Gingrich may have finally won. As an experienced politician, conservative policy advocates, superior eloquence and high-profile, Gingrich election in the last two months have sprung up everywhere. But he’s also a heavy historical burden, such as the two marriages ended because of affair, he was led to the closing, when the Speaker was forced to resign and so on.

For Obama, not scandals, no major policy mistakes, with a strong campaign team and fundraising advantage, and killed Osama bin Laden, through the He re-election a lot of extra points. But not as weak U.S. economy long-term change, it will drag on Obama’s election. Nevertheless, the Republican Party of


Extremely well developed in the automotive industry in Germany

Saturday, January 14th, 2012

With prices continued to rise in recent years, Moutai terminal sales price to achieve a Today, most people’s eyes, is not Moutai wine on the table, but a luxury. However, with so much noise loudly Maotai high margin difference is not significant mountain dew highway listed company, its gross profit margin has long been quietly approaching the Maotai!


Chongqing, the first three quarters last year, gross profit margin 89.14%

According to statistics, as of the end of 2010, China’s highway mileage has reached 74,000 km, after the United States, ranking second in the world. Experts predict that the

At present, the Shanghai and Shenzhen, a total of 19 highway companies. Data from the public, these companies sales margin alarmingly high: one, 50% of the gross common, 60%, 70% or even 80% can also be seen.

From 2011, three quarterly data, listed on the Shanghai and Shenzhen stock markets 19 highway up to the company’s overall gross profit margin 59.27%, far exceeding the profits of the real estate industry accused of 30-40% gross margin.

Specifically, the Chongqing Road & Bridge is a high-speed plate margin in the championship. First three quarters of 2011, Chongqing Road & Bridge surprisingly reached 89.14% gross profit margin. The 2010 and 2009, gross profit margin is high in Chongqing Road & Bridge, were 88.26% and 86.64%. Such a high gross margin, gross margin even with the recognized high-end wine compares favorably. Moutai first three quarters of 2011 gross margin was 91.53%, to 66.01% Wuliangye, Shanxi Fen is 76.13%.

Highway in the A-share listed companies, the gross margin followed by investment in Chongqing Road & Bridge in Hunan, the first three quarters of 2011 gross margin was 73.23%. In addition, Fujian Expressway, Dongguan Holdings, Chutian high-speed, Anhui Expressway, Heilongjiang traffic, Hainan, high-speed, modern investment, Zhongyuan Expressway Shenzhen Expressway and the first three quarters of 2011 gross margins were above 60%, the lowest gross margin Guangdong Speed ​​also has 48.22%.


Why is the highway for both public utilities to charge?

High expressway highway margin reminiscent of the high fees. Earlier the State Council promulgated the Ministry of Transport, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Finance and other ministries, 5 May 2011 issued a notice has also stressed the

However, the authoritative statistics show that 95% of China’s expressway, highway, 65% are toll roads. Many of them, or extended charges, excess charges.

Both for public utilities, why pay? It is reported that roads and highways, including repayment of commercial highway. Road toll to pay off the loan repayment; operating road not only to recover the investment, but also to generate income. Before, Beijing Jiaotong University Beijing News quoted the words of the European State, public goods, providing the public with convenient services.

The Peking University professor Wang Xi received zinc had Xinmin Evening News interview that the construction. China’s situation is that both the government loan to build and then sell it, or the involvement of social capital must pay by the local Social capital came in, and what does it make money?

Stones from other hills

United States: only 8.8% of high-speed toll

In the United States, a total of over 90,000 km of highway, only more than 7800 kilometers of toll road, accounting for 8.8%. Driving on the highway in the United States, few can see the toll station, even the occasional road charges, the cost is very cheap, usually 2-20 dollars. The reason why costs low, because the highway has been built, it’s essential to maintain funding from the federal government’s tax revenue, state government only through some of the dilapidated old highway toll for the maintenance and upkeep.

Germany: more than 12 tons truck charges

Extremely well developed in the automotive industry in Germany, the state’s financial commitment to the territory of all highway construction and maintenance costs, the implementation of free bus, 12 ton cargo truck classification fee billing.

UK: Most high-speed free

And the world in many other countries, the vast majority of Britain’s motorway sections are not charged, only the individual bridges, tunnels, near Birmingham, and dozens of miles of private road charges.

Japan: charged at the standard national unity

In Japan, most of the highway according to mileage fees charged at the standard national unity. Among them, a variety of discount methods be called a major feature. Such as the mileage on the highway at 100-200 km between, beyond the 100 km section to 25% discount if more than 200 km, the excess may be 30% discount. In addition, the vehicle for installation of the ETC, the company issued in accordance with highway access time and frequency to give the toll discount system.


$ 567 million

Friday, January 13th, 2012

Government of India has approved to spend 66 billion rupees ( $ 1.247 billion ) purchase 490 sets of advanced missile systems to equip the French

Indian Prime Minister hosted the 4th Indian security cabinet meeting approved the Indian and the French arms manufacturer MBDA’s on the purchase of

As a result the Indian Air Force However, public criticism that the Indian Air Force would not like to buy new planes .

In addition, sources said , India has approved another for possible agreement next week , that $ 30 billion rupees ( $ 567 million) purchase of 75 Swiss turboprop trainer for the Indian Air Force pilot training novice to use . Indian Air Force hopes to introduce it in 2013-2014 75 Pilatus-7 -type primary trainer .


Japan Tsuyama

Thursday, January 12th, 2012

Japan Tsuyama , Okayama Prefectural Police Headquarters Police Department 29 that the police already has Tsuyama City jewelry store theft case investigation. Verified , in the case of theft , stolen property , including watches and other 1150 products , as well as in the safe storage of 430 million yen in cash , stolen property worth a total of 60 million yen.

Theft occurred at 2:15 on December 23 . Thieves trailer truck crashed into the bucket directly Tsuyama City jewelry store According to police analysis, the thieves entered the shop window glass will be cut open , the window of the stolen jewelry , watches and many other commodities advanced , safe and easily took the cash away. Police investigators found a shop in the car park wall to open holes for criminals trucks .

When the theft occurred, in charge of the jewelry store ‘s security guard company that is the line called the police , alarm 5 minutes later , police arrived on the scene , the offender has disappeared . Tsuyama police officers participated in the survey analysis , this case should be more than a huge theft conspiracy planned theft. Police are currently transfer to see the store surveillance video .


Organizers of the protest movement of the head of Hungarian unity Pete Konya said

Thursday, January 12th, 2012

To celebrate the official introduction of the new constitution , the Hungarian government held 2 ceremony at the National Gallery , State Opera House at night and in the evening . In the opera house on the street outside the tens of thousands of people gathered , they held demonstrations against the new constitution .

The event is organized by the opposition Socialist Party led by 44 left-wing parties and groups in organizations , and various other social opposition party Greens see also participated in the demonstrations. Protest lasted nearly five hours , protesters demanded the resignation of Prime Minister Viktor Orban .

This year beginning January 1 implementation of the new Hungarian constitution, including : the original constitutional name to limit the power ; since it provides from the fetus during pregnancy to protect the life , marriage only between men and women , due to an intentional crime and violent crime can be sentenced to life imprisonment without parole , etc. Opponents argue that too much emphasis on the new constitution Christian values ​​and national interests and undermine religious freedom in Hungary , ignoring the rights of individuals , and non-Christian believers , single-parent families , unmarried cohabitation , homosexuals and other minorities unfair social treatment; new constitution strengthened the control of the media , independent of the Government of the constitutional Court and the powers of the central bank to limit the expansion of government power , a threat to democracy in Hungary .

Organizers of the protest movement of the head of Hungarian unity Pete Konya said: must unite to restore the rule of law and of the Republic . U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton on the Zhou Zhixin Orban , to express their concerns for democracy in Hungary . Former U.S. Ambassador to Hungary马克帕尔莫said that if the Government does not change Orban , Hungary may lose EU membership .


Saya in the first day of the exercise stress

Tuesday, January 10th, 2012

TEHRAN, January 1 (Reporter Du Yuan Jiang Heguang sea) Iranian navy commander Habibullah saya that in 1 , 2, the Iranian navy in the code-named

Iran’s Press TV quoted saya in the words of the day , Iran 2 will test different types of homemade missiles , including the ship , and shoulder-fired ground -to-ship missiles .

Seyyed Mahmoud Moussavi, the Iranian navy ‘s deputy commander , said 1 , the day of the Iranian Navy in the

Iran ‘ guard 90 Iran’s navy in the waters of southern Iraq last month, 24 days before the 10-day large-scale military exercises in the Strait of Hormuz from the beginning , east across the Gulf of Oman , Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean up to the northern seas , the exercise of more than 2,000 across the region km.

Saya in the first day of the exercise stress , exercise does not cover the blockade of the Strait of Hormuz , the main purpose of the exercise is to demonstrate the strength of the Iranian armed forces and defense capability in the high seas .

Strait of Hormuz connecting the Persian Gulf in southern Iran and the Gulf of Oman shipping hub, nearly 40 percent of the world’s oil and natural gas, which exports a significant number of the world, the global oil supply has a strategic impact .